1. The average toilet uses 3.5 gallons per flush. If it’s flushed 5 times a day that is 6387.50 gallons per year. The water saving toilet using 1.6 gallons per flush will use only 2920 gallons per year.  The most common toilet is the gravity fed low flow toilet.  There is also a pressure assist low flow toilet that uses air to assist the flush.  This is a great flushing unit, but is more expensive to buy and maintain.  The electric power assist low flush toilet is relatively new to the market and uses 120 volts.  I think simpler is greener and the gravity fed low flow toilet is the best value.     

2.  A conventional shower head will use 4 gallons per min.   A 10 minute shower will consume 40 gallons of water.  A water saving shower head using 1.75 gallons per minute and will consume 17.50 gallons per 10 minute shower.

3.  A leaky faucet, hose bib or toilet can consume 140 gallons per week and most repairs are simple to fix.

4.  Seal around electric junction boxes like switches and outlets boxes on exterior walls.

5.  Replace worn out weather stripping around doors including the threshold. 

6.  When installing an exterior door, look for the type that has been independently tested and certified by the National Fenestration Rating Council (NFRC)

7.  Windows are a long term investment. There are too many options to name here.  Check for the certification from (NFRC) and if the window qualifies for the (NFRC)  Energy Star rating. 

8.  The compact fluorescent bulb (CFL) uses 75% less energy over a conventional light bulb, but it uses a small amount of mercury.  If broken or disposed of incorrectly the compact fluorescent bulb becomes a hazard.

9.  Look for the Energy Star rating on appliances.

10.  About 20% of your total water heating cost goes to reheating stored water in the tank of the hot water heater.  The tankless water  heater has an endless supply of hot water, but use it wisely. The tankless water heater can also be installed on the exterior of the home freeing up space where the old water heater once stood.

11.  The R value of insulation indicates how well it resists the heat.  The recommended insulation value of an attic is R-38 and a wall is R-21.


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